วันจันทร์ที่ 26 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2556

Beautiful Reed Fish Picture

Beautiful Reed Fish Picture in action !!! you should be love it ^ _ ^


Pangasius Elongata picture

These is one of a rarer riverine catfish of Thailand, Pangasius elongata.


Credits : Nonn Panitvong

วันพุธที่ 21 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2556

Fish Data : Flavescent Peacock Cichlid

http://i210.photobucket.com/albums/bb98/Super-Turtleman/140G%20All%20Male%20Tank/IMG_8785.jpg
   
   The Flavescent Peacock Aulonocara stuartgranti is widely distributed in Lake Malawi, Africa. It is a moderate to large sized peacock cichlid that can grow between 4.5 to 7.5 inches (11 - 19 cm) in length.  Its common name is derived from the term "flavescent", which means yellowish or turning yellow, but this species is quite variable in color. It will range from blue to yellow with many colors in-between. Both the size and the coloring of this very attractive species are dependent upon where it is found. The aquarist has quite a choice of colors that can be combined to make a very attractive species show tank.

   The Grant's Peacock Cichlid is another common name for this peacock, reflecting its species name stuartgranti; and by the African people It is known as Ngara Aulonocara. There are a number of other regional common names for it too, such as Cobue, Mdoka, Ngara, and Nkata bay. Then finally with the different colorings dependent on where they are found in the lake, names of each variety are suffixed by its locality. Some of the popular varieties include the Sunshine Peacock or Aulonocara stuartgranti "Maleri", the Maulana Bicolor Peacock or Aulonocara stuartgranti "Maulana", the Flametail Peacock or Aulonocara stuartgranti "Ngara" and two in-line bred color forms of the Aulonocara stuartgranti "Chipoka"; the German Red Peacock and the Rubin Red Peacock.
Peacock cichlids are members of a very small group of fish from Lake Malawi, Africa. They are placed in the Aulonocara genus which contains only about 28 species, but with many subspecies. They are all very richly colored and very popular with aquarists. The well deserved term "peacock" is derived from their brilliant colorations of blues, reds and yellows.

The Aulonocara cichlids, along with the Utaka Cichlids Copadichromis and other non-Mbuna's, are members of the Haplochromis group. Haplochromis is a type genus of free-roaming browsers sometimes call "haps" or "happies". They live in more sandy areas and open waters, and are generally larger cichlids than their Mbuna "rock-dwelling" counterparts. They also are more peaceful cichlids and should not be housed with the highly active and aggressive Mbunas.

Besides their beautiful appearance the Flavescent Peacocks are easy to care for. They make a desirable pet for both beginning and more advanced cichlid aquarists as long as the tank is large enough. Provide open space for swimming along with some caves in which to hide, sleep, or breed. They will eat a meaty diet and have an almost puppy like excitability when being fed, thus adding to their appeal. Frequent water changes will also help in keeping this cichlid. This cichlid has been bred in captivity, and like all Peacocks, true strains are hard to find unless wild caught or from a reputable dealer.

Preferred Water Parameters:
  • Water Temperature: 23-27 degrees celsius
  • pH Level: 7.5-8.5
  • General Hardness: Hard
 Habitat: This is the primary location where the cichlid is found and is a generalization. This does not mean a fish cannot be found in other habitats.   
 Diet: Many cichlids specialize in eating one type of food; notwithstanding, some of these specialized
  feeders are flexible and can be opportunistic feeders.

Range: Africa: Lake Malawi

Description
The Flavescent Peacock grows to an average length of about 4.5 - 7.5 inches (11 - 19 cm) in length. The size of each individual depends on the location in Lake Malawi where it is found. With proper care this fish may live 6 to 10 years.
This Peacock cichlid comes in a wide range of colors from blue to yellow and in-between. Each locale where they are found sports its own combination of color as well as size. All females are quite drab and much smaller with dark vertical bars that are sitting on a background body color that is browish-beige.
A few of the other variations of Flavescent Peacock are described below. You can discern by the descriptions that there are variations in color that have formed naturally in the wild. These are all males that were wild caught in Lake Malawi and categorized by location, and some have female descriptions as well:
  • Aulonocara Stuartgranti "Chipoka"
    The popular Rubin Red Peacock and the German Red Peacock are two color forms of the Aulonocara Stuartgranti "Chipoka". These are in-line bred fish developed with extensive inbreeding carried out in Germany. The original form of this Flavescent Peacock is bright orange, and sometimes reddish, with faded darker vertical bars. The dorsal fins are bright orange or reddish, with an ice blue edging on the top and blue "squiggly" lines at the back end. The blue pattern at the back of the dorsal is repeated on the anal fin and the tail fin. The area below the eye has some ice blue metallic coloring, but the blue is not solid. The anal fins and pelvic fins are also orange or reddish and the pelvic fins have a very fine trim of ice blue on the front edge. All females are quite drab and much smaller with dark vertical bars that are sitting on a background body color that is more brownish. This fish may live 6 to 10 years.
     
  • Aulonocara Stuartgranti "Maulana"
    This Maulana Bicolor Peacock or Maulana Bi-Color 500 has a blue body with a wide band of yellow just behind the head that extends into its pectoral fins. There is a wide band of yellow just behind the head that extends into the pectoral fins and there is some yellow in the tail as well. The dorsal, anal, and pectoral fins are edged in white. The females are a quite drab maroonish color with no apparent (or very slightly apparent) darker vertical bars.
     
  • Aulonocara stuartgranti "Ngara"
    The Flametail Peacock is basically the same as Aulonocara stuartgrant "Mdoka" except there is more blue near the top part of the fish and orange/yellow at the belly. The tail fin has a little more orange/yellow with the back of the tail fin "edged" in a black/gray band with no orange/yellow coloring. The anal fin has less blue, and only in the top 1/2 of the anal fin.
     
  • Aulonocara stuartgranti "Mdoka"
    This Flavescent Peacock is mostly an orange/yellow in the body with small vertical electric blue specks throughout the body. The top fin is blue with white edging and near the back of the dorsal is a yellow patch that seems to "match" the tail fin that is yellow with irregular blue horizontal lines. The face is blue as well as the anal fin, though the anal fin has a few orange/yellow eggs spots. There is an over sheen to the blue coloring that almost makes it look "metallic."
     
  • Aulonocara stuartgranti "Cobue"
    This Flavescent Peacock gets to just under 5". They are blue as well, but the area on the top 1/3 (just below the back under the dorsal is a little less "shiny". The darker vertical bars along the body are a little more visible with a slightly duller coloring in-between, yet still "under" the blue body. The top fin is blue and the back fin is a brown/red with blue dots and irregular lines. The anal fin is blue with several yellow "egg spots". The pectoral fins are almost a burnt orange color with black/white trimming.
     
  • Aulonocara stuartgranti "Nkata bay"
    This Flavescent Peacock is honestly the drabbest, with more of a "dull lavender" body, dark vertical bars and only the nose being bluer. The dorsal fin is a plain blue with spots of orange/yellow at the very back. The tail fin is orange/yellow with horizontal lines and irregular lines in this plain blue. The anal fin is dark, an almost burnt red with beige/yellow egg spots. The pelvic fins are a green/gold with white trim on the front part of the fins.
     
  • Aulonocara stuartgranti "Chilumba"
  • The Chilumba Peacock is found at Chilumba in the intermediate zone. They generally reach about 4" (10 cm), though may grow as much as 6" (14 cm). The males are a splendid blue with faded dark vertical stripes while the females are a drab gray with vertical brown stripes.
     
  • Aulonocara stuartgranti "MBenji"
    The Mbenji Peacock, also known as the Blue Regal Peacock, and is found only at the Mbenji Island. This species is now known as Aulonocara koningsi rather than a variant of Aulonocara stuartgranti. It has a deep blue coloring on the entire body and fin areas. This blue is almost a sheen that covers the head and dorsal fin with faint darker vertical bars. They have a white edge at the top of the dorsal fin and at the tips of the tail fin. The "Mbenji" does not have the "egg spots" on the anal fin like other peacocks. They can get to 5.5" to 7" and tend to be very peaceful compared to others. This one is better in a tank by itself as it is easily pushed around and the last to eat.

    Although the adult male looks very similar to the all blue variation of the Chilumba Peacock Aulonocara stuartgranti "Chilumba" it has different juvenile and female color patterning. The females of this species have wide vertical bars on the body and irregular spotting in the middle of the body. The females of A. stuartgranti have several noticeably thinner vertical bars.
All cichlids share a common feature that some saltwater fish such as wrasses and parrotfish have and that is a well-developed pharyngeal set of teeth that are in the throat, along with their regular teeth. Cichlids have spiny rays in the back parts of the anal, dorsal, pectoral, and pelvic fins to help discourage predators. The front part of these fins are soft and perfect for precise positions and effortless movements in the water as opposed to fast swimming.
Cichlids have one nostril on each side while other fish have 2 sets. To sense "smells" in the water, they suck water in and expel the water right back out after being "sampled" for a short or longer time, depending on how much the cichlid needs to "smell" the water. This feature is shared by saltwater damselfish and cichlids are thought to be closely related.
  • Size of fish - inches: 7.5 inches (19.05 cm) - These peacock cichlids grow to an average length of between 4.5 - 7.5 inches (11 - 19 cm), the size depends on location the originate from.
  • Lifespan: 6 years - They have a lifespan of 6 to 10 years with proper care.
 Aquarium Setup

    The streams that flow into Lake Malawi have a high mineral content. This along with evaporation has resulted in alkaline water that is highly mineralized. Lake Malawi is known for its clarity and stability as far as pH and other water chemistries. It is easy to see why it is important to watch tank parameters with all Lake Malawi fish.

    Rift lake cichlids need hard alkaline water but are not found in brackish waters. Still salt is sometimes used as a buffering agent to increase the water's carbonate hardness. Forturnately this cichlid has some salt tolerance. It can be kept in slightly brackish water conditions, however it not suited to a full brackish water tank. It can tolerate a low salinity that is about 10% of a normal saltwater tank, which means a specific gravity of less than 1.0002.

    A 55 gallon aquarium is okay a single fish, but 100 gallons is suggested when keeping more than one. They do fine in either freshwater or brackish freshwater but need good water movement along with very strong and efficient filtration. Gravel makes a good substate and the addition of crushed coral can help keep the pH up. Crushed coral or aragonite sands do tend to dissolves easier than salts. Keeping a higher pH however, means that ammonia is more lethal, so regular water changes are a must for these fish.

   Some rock decor is good to create hiding places and areas of retreat, just be sure to leave open spaces along the bottom of the tank as well. These fish need plenty of swimming room on the bottom and in the mid portions of the tank. A nice thing about these guys is they do not damage plants as much as other cichlids, so you can add some to your decor if desired. They prefer subdued lighting.

Social Behaviors

The Flavescent Peacock is best kept alone in a 55 gallon tank, or as a group of one male and two females in a 100 gallon tank. They are peaceful toward those of the same species as long as it is not two males. More than one male can only be kept in a tank  that is very large and can support different territories.

These fish are much more peaceful than other Malawi cichlids so are best kept with their own kind. They can be kept with Utakas that are similar in size, but avoid female Utakas that are similar in appearance to the Aulonocaras as they will cross breed.  Mbunas are not good tankmates for the Flavescent Peacocks. Also try to not house them with other Aulonocara's to prevent hybridization.

If they are kept with unsuitable tankmates they may be eaten, especially the small females, or they will not get enough to eat. Sometimes they can be very shy fish, so you can add dither fish such as Rainbowfish Melanotaenia sp. and/or Congo Tetras Phenacogrammus interruptus, to help divert attention away from them.

Reproduction: Mouthbrooder: after spawning, the females incubate the eggs in their mouth until the fry are free-swimming. Males will mate with multiple females. The fry are easily raised with first foods such as baby brine shrimp.

Feeding: Carnivorous. Dry foods and frozen foods.

Fish Diseases

Malawi bloat is a typical disease for African cichlids, especially if their dietary needs are not met with quality foods. They are susceptible to other typical fish ailments, especially if water is stale and of poor quality and oxygenation. One common problem is Ich. It can be treated with the elevation of the tank temperature to 86° F (30° C) for 3 days. If that does not cure the Ich, then the fish needs to be treated with copper (remove any water conditioners). Several copper based fish medications are available for Ich. Copper use must be kept within the proper levels, so be sure to follow the manufacturers suggestions. A copper test also can be used to keep the proper levels. You can also combine increasing the temperature with an Ich medication treatment.

As with most fish they are susceptible to skin flukes and other parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.), fungal infections, and bacterial infections. It is recommended to read up on the common tank diseases. Knowing the signs and catching and treating them early makes a huge difference. For information about freshwater fish diseases and illnesses


Credits :

 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/FlavescentPeacock.php

 http://www.cichlid-forum.com/profiles/species.php?id=672

 http://www.coburgaquarium.com.au/sheet.php?id=107

 http://i210.photobucket.com/albums/bb98/Super-Turtleman/140G%20All%20Male%20Tank/IMG_8785.jpg



Platinum Dolado Catfish in aquarium

Platinum Dolado Catfish in aquarium

Platinum Red Tail Catfish










There is The 3 inch Platinum Red Tail Catfish who have value about 485 dollar in my country ^ _ ^



วันจันทร์ที่ 19 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2556

วันอาทิตย์ที่ 18 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2556

Fish Data : Aulonocara Fort Maguire Cichlid


 http://www.cichlids.com/uploads/tx_usercichlids/user_pics/9182/aaaimg_2d43830fa5.jpg

Other name : Red Shoulder Peacock, Aulonocara Red Flush, Firebird Cichlid, African Peacock, Malawi peacock

The Aulonocara Fort Maguire Aulonocara hansbaenschi is a moderately sized Peacock cichlid that grows to a length of about 6 inches (15 cm). This is a beautiful fish that has long been commonly known as the African Peacock and Malawi Cichlid. There are a variety of different natural hues creating great combinations of oranges to reds and electric blues. Hence this cichlid is also known by several other common names that depict its bright appearance including Red Shoulder Peacock, Aulonocara Red Flush, and Firebird Cichlid.
This fish is a part of a small group of cichlids that are very popular with aquarists. They come from Lake Malawi, Africa and are known as the Peacock Cichlids. Peacocks are contained in the Aulonocara genus which has only about 23 species, but with many subspecies. It is the brilliant colorations of blues, reds and yellows that have given rise to the well deserved name of "Peacock cichlids".

The Aulonocara, along with the Utaka Cichlids Copadichromis and other non-Mbuna's, are members of the Haplochromis group. Haplochromis is the type genus of free-roaming browsers sometimes call "haps" or "happies". They live in more sandy areas and open waters, and are generally larger cichlids than their Mbuna "rock-dwelling" counterparts. They also are more peaceful cichlids and should not be housed with the highly active and aggressive Mbunas.

These fish are quite hardy and easy to care for, making them an excellent first cichlid for the beginning aquarist. Being so very handsome actually makes them very desirable for aquarists of all experience levels, and they are also favored because they are easy to breed. The variety of natural hues that this species comes in gives an aquarist a wonderful choice of color. However this fish has been heavily bred in captivity, and is so inbred that true strains are hard to find unless they are wild caught or from a reputable dealer.

Provide them with a good sized tank. A 55 gallon aquarium is the suggested minimum for a single fish, but a group will do best in 100 gallons or more. They need open space for swimming and a lot of caves where they can hide, sleep, or breed. A comfortable decor and regular water changes will make for a stress-free environment and healthy fish. These are some of the most carnivorous of the cichlids so will enjoy a meaty diet. As they become comfortable with their home and routine they become very endearing. They have an almost puppy like excitability when being fed and will push to be first in line at dinner time.

Habitat: Distribution / Background
The Aulonocara Fort Maguire Aulonocara hansbaenschi was described by Meyer, Riehl and Zetzsche in 1987. They are endemic to Lake Malawi, Africa and found in the southern part of lake between Masinje and Fort Maguire. There are currently only 23 described Aulonocara species, though a number of subspecies also exist.

This species is listed on the IUCN Red List as Vulnerable (VU) because it is endemic to Lake Malawi and occurs in only a very limited range. They inhabit areas around Fort Maguire, Masinje Rocks, Mara Point and Thumbi West Island. Other common names it is known by include Red Shoulder Peacock, Aulonocara Red Flush, Firebird Cichlid, and Malawi Peacock.
Though most Peacocks inhabit deeper waters than other Malawi cichlids, the Aulonocara Fort Maguire is found in a bit shallower waters at about 13 - 20 feet (4 - 6 m). They like a rocky habitat and will tend to hide in the caves and crevices. Males will hold a territory in a cave and spawning occurs within. They feed from the substrate on sand dwelling invertebrates, and possibly some zooplankton. They have special sensory pores on their jaws that help them locate the crustaceans in the sand.

  • Size of fish - inches: 5.9 inches (15.01 cm)
  • Lifespan: 6 years - They have a lifespan of about 6 to 10 years with proper care
   These cichlids make a great choice for the beginning cichlid keeper, and are appealling to the advanced aquarist as well. They are easy to care for, easy to feed, and relatively undemanding aquarium residents. They are also fairly peaceful, making good inhabitants for the community tank, and will readily breed. The aquarium does need regular water changes. They are susceptible to Malawi bloat as well as the typical diseases that effect all freshwater fish if the tank is not maintained.
  • Aquarium Hardiness: Moderately hardy
  • Aquarist Experience Level: Beginner
   The Aulonocara Fort Maguire is primarily carnivorous. In the wild they feed on small sand-dwelling invertebrates and small amounts of zooplankton. In the aquarium provide them a varied diet and some plant matter. A quality cichlid flake or pellet food works will as their main staple, and then provide meaty supplements. Pelleted, frozen, live, and/or freeze-dried meaty foods such as daphnia, bloodworms and brine shrimp are excellent choices. You can also use shrimp mixes like the European Shrimp Mix, which costs less than other prepared foods and is just as nutritious.

    Do not offer mammal meat, and avoid tubifex worms as they may contribute to a disease called "Malawi bloat". Feed once a day when young and 5 to 6 times a week when adults unless they are breeding. Avoid the desire to feed this fish more often than it needs, as this will keep the water quality higher over a longer time.

Peacocks are hardy fish, but like all Malawi Cichlids, they will deteriorate under poor water conditions. The Malawi fish are usually kept at a higher pH, which means that ammonia is more lethal, so regular water changes are a must. They are also a messy fish because they eat mostly protein foods, which puts an additional biological load on the filtration system. The tank will need water changes of between 20 - 50% a week, depending on the bio load.
  • Water Changes: Weekly - Suggested water changes of 20-50% a week, as these are messy fish producing a heavy bio load.
  • Aquarium Setup
    The streams that flow into Lake Malawi have a high mineral content. This along with evaporation has resulted in alkaline water that is highly mineralized. Lake Malawi is known for its clarity and stability as far as pH and other water chemistries. It is easy to see why it is important to watch tank parameters with all Lake Malawi fish.
    Rift lake cichlids need hard alkaline water but are not found in brackish waters. Still salt is sometimes used as a buffering agent to increase the water's carbonate hardness. Forturnately this cichlid has some salt tolerance. It can be kept in slightly brackish water conditions, however it not suited to a full brackish water tank. It can tolerate a low salinity that is about 10% of a normal saltwater tank, which means a specific gravity of less than 1.0002.
    A 55 gallon aquarium is okay for a single fish, but 100 gallons or more is suggested for a group. They do fine in either freshwater or slightly brackish freshwater but need good water movement along with very strong and efficient filtration. Gravel makes a good substate and the addition of crushed coral can help keep the pH up. Crushed coral or aragonite sands do tend to dissolves easier than salts. Keeping a higher pH however, means that ammonia is more lethal, so regular water changes are a must for these fish.
    Some rock decor is good to create hiding places and areas of retreat, just be sure to leave open spaces along the bottom of the tank as well. These fish need plenty of swimming room on the bottom and in the mid portions of the tank. A nice thing about these guys is they do not damage plants as much as other cichlids, so you can add some to your decor if desired. They prefer subdued lighting.
  • Minimum Tank Size: 55 gal (208 L) - A 55 gallon tank is minimum suggested for a single fish, 100 gallons or more is best for a group.
  • Suitable for Nano Tank: No
  • Substrate Type: Any
  • Lighting Needs: Low - subdued lighting - They prefer subdued lighting.
  • Temperature: 73.0 to 84.0° F (22.8 to 28.9° C)
  • Breeding Temperature: 78.8° F - Breeding temperatures are between 78.8 - 82.4° F (26 - 28° C).
  • Range ph: 7.7-8.6
  • Hardness Range: 6 - 10 dGH
  • Brackish: Sometimes - Salt is not found in their natural environment, but they do have a slight tolerance, keep levels below 10% - a specific gravity of less than 1.0002.
  • Water Movement: Moderate
  • Water Region: Middle - These fish will swim in the bottom and middle areas of the aquarium.
Social Behaviors

The Aulonocara Fort Maguire is best kept alone in a 55 gallon tank, or as a group of one male and several females in a 100 gallon tank. They are peaceful toward those of the same species as long as it is not two males, unless tank is very large and can support different territories.
This fish is best kept with their own kind as they are much more peaceful than other Malawi cichlids. Try to not house with other Aulonocaras to prevent hybridization. Can be kept with other peaceful Malawi cichlids as long as they are a different shape though a similar size.
  • Temperament: Semi-aggressive
  • Compatible with:
    • Same species - conspecifics: Yes - In a large aquarium, 100 gallons or more is suggested, one male can be kept with several females. Two males will fight.
    • Peaceful fish (): Monitor
    • Semi-Aggressive (): Monitor
    • Aggressive (): Threat
    • Large Semi-Aggressive (): Threat
    • Large Aggressive, Predatory (): Threat
    • Slow Swimmers & Eaters (): Threat
    • Shrimps, Crabs, Snails: Threat - is aggressive
    • Plants: Monitor
Sex: Sexual differences

Males are larger and more colorful with pointed dorsal and anal fins. The females are smaller and drab with rounded dorsal and anal fins.

Breeding / Reproduction

    The Aulonocara Fort Maguire has been bred in captivity. Keep several females with one male for the best breeding success. All Cichlid parents tend to their young, making them easy to breed. They should have their own breeding tank. A cichlid couple guarding their babies can be a force to reckon with and this aggression is acted out on other tank mates. A 100 gallon tank is suggested They spawn best in moderately alkaline, medium hard water. Provide a pH around 8.0, hardness between 10-15 dGH, and a temperature between 78.8 - 82.4° F (26 - 28° C). The male will display an intense coloration to attract the females.

    It is difficult to witness a spawning of Aulonocara Fort Maguire because it is done secretly in a cave. These cichlids are mouth brooders. This is where the females will lay the eggs and then pick them up in their mouths. After that they pick at the male's anal fin to get him to produce "milt" or sperm. The female will then take this milt into her mouth and the eggs are fertilized at that time. She will carry them in her mouth until the fry are old enough to be able to feed on their own. With other Peacocks this takes around 21 days so it is assumed the same is true for this fish. She will nibble and eat next to nothing during this time. Never house fry from different strains in the same tank, as it will be almost impossible to tell the fry and juveniles apart (until they grow).
Try and keep the different species blood lines pure. If this does not happen, pure strains can be lost permanently, unless more are wild caught, thus depleting our natural resources. The Aulonocara Fort Maguire is listed as vulnerable, which means someday this fish may be hard to find, so keeping blood lines pure must be stressed. To prevent cross breeding, make sure if you have more than one type of Cichlid and that they are very different in shape. See more information on breeding cichlids in Breeding Freshwater Fish: Cichlids.
  • Ease of Breeding: Easy

Credits : http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/AulonocaraFortMaguire.php

http://www.cichlids.com/uploads/tx_usercichlids/user_pics/9182/aaaimg_2d43830fa5.jpg







Fish Data : Texas Cichlid


http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/imgs/512x768/0000_0000/0205/0637.jpeg


General Information

Species Type: Freshwater Fish
Category: Cichlids
Scientific Name:   Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum
Family: Cichlid  
Temperature:   20 - 33 C; 68 - 91 F  pH   6.5 - 7.5  
Size:    30 cm; 12 inches  
Life Span:    10 years  
Diet: Omnivore

Description

   The Texas cichlid (Herichthys cyanoguttatus, formerly Cichlasoma cyanoguttatum) is a freshwater fish that belongs to the cichlid family. Also known as Rio Grande cichlid, this species is originated from the lower Rio Grande drainage in Texas and Northeastern Mexico, particular on the sandy bottom of deep rivers.

   This cichild has a large greyish high-backed body with bright blue scales and two dark spots, one at the center of the body and another and the end of its tail. Adult males have a large hump on their heads.

   The Texas cichlid is the only cichlid native to the United States. Just like its Central American relatives, it can be quite aggressive and should only be kept by aquarists interested in dealing with belligerent fish.

Maximum Size:  Texas cichlid can easily attain a foot in length in the large tank.  However, since many Texas cichlids are reared in 55s, many will top out at six to eight inches.
 Types of Texas Cichlid :  Texas Cichlid will breed fairly easily with other species Cichlid also.  They're not as bad as killifish and rusties, but they are promiscuous.  Cross them with a Red Devil Cichlid and create your own FLowerhorns Cichlid. 
Water Region: Top, Middle, Bottom: These fish will swim in the middle and bottom areas of the aquarium. 

Acceptable Water Conditions:   
   Hardness: 8-15° dH
   Ph: 6.5 to 8.0
  Temp: 70-75° F (21-24° C) 


Housing : 
 
    The Texas Cichlid is like The Oscars Cichlid, They needs plenty of room , They should be housed in a aquarium of at least 75 gallons (125 gallons for multiple specimens) with a sand substrate and should be provided with an adequate amount of rock caves or pieces of driftwood to hide among and use as territory. If live plants are used, make sure they are either secured to driftwood, rock, or planted in pots below the substrate as they will either be shredded or relocated. Light intensity is not an issue, although the species prefers to have the option for shade it its disposal. These Cichlids are a hardy species, but are messy eaters and can be sensitive to high levels of nitrates; they should be provided with strong and efficient biological, mechanical, and chemical filtration in order to ensure clean water conditions and keep nitrate levels down.

 Tank Mates : 
    In the small size , Texas cichlids will mix well with many small fish , but, oddly enough, not with other young cichlids.  Chocolates and jaguars, for instance, beat the crap out of little Texas cichlids -- even in a 55.  In addition to hogging the food, the other cichlids shred their fins, peel their scales, and finish them off.  Little Texans fare best when kept with their own kind.  The fast growers and slow growers co-exist fairly well.

Feeding :
    This Cichlid is an omnivore and naturally eats worms, insects, small invertebrates, and plant matter in the wild. They should be provided with a variety of meaty foods such as many small live animals, frozen, or freeze-dried krill, ghost shrimp, crickets, small crayfish, bloodworms, earthworms, as well as vitamin-enriched, omnivore oriented flake and pellet food items. Feed one or twice daily.

Sexing and Breeding :  
 
    The Males Texas Cichlid grow faster and are larger than females.  Males have longer extensions on their dorsal and anal fins.  Males over three-years old have a pronounced "nuchal bump" on their foreheads.  The Females are smaller and chunkier. 
     When the female cichlid grow up to 2-3 inches , They should be ready to start spawning. As with most cichlids, the female will start to clean a suitable spawning site, here she will lay 500-1000 eggs. The male will soon swim to the spawning site to fertilize the eggs and then he will start guarding the nest. The eggs will be about 2mm in diameter and the female will spend all of her time tending them.
    he hatching time for the eggs should be 3-5 days; in the meantime the female will be busy preparing a pit in the substrate ready for her fry. It may be that the eggs or fry may get eaten with the first few batches but with patience the parents will start raising fry with no problems. Aggressive behavior to other fish will be at a high during this stage, the male may even attack the female, leaving other fish in the tank may help to alleviate this.
    When the eggs have hatched, the fry will stay in their pit for a further 5-8 days before they become free swimming. Initially they will feed on vegetable matter but after a further week should accept crushed flake food and newly hatched brine shrimp.
   As with every breeding pair the water quality must be excellent for the fry to survive to the juvenile stage.


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วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 15 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2556

วันอังคารที่ 13 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2556

Amazeing Animal Pictures




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THE LAW OF THE WILD SAYS KILL ONLY WHEN YOU ARE HUNGRY..

Photographer Michel Denis captured these amazing pictures on safari in Kenya.

He was astounded by what he saw: "These brothers have been living together since they left their mother at about 18 months old, On the morning he saw them, they seemed not to be hungry, walking quickly but stopping sometimes to play together. 'At one point, they met a group of impala who ran away.. But one youngster was not quick enough and the brothers caught it easily'."

Then extraordinary scenes followed; they just walked away without hurting him

Very beautiful goldfish



   This is really beautiful color morph of goldfish , i really love this pic ^ _ ^

This picture come from Taiwan goldfish breeder.

Abino Siamese Algae Eater picture

Butis butis picture

Dragon knife fish pictures





 There is really amazing fish ^ _ ^

วันอาทิตย์ที่ 11 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2556

Cute Platinum Giant Gourami

Smart Platinum Aligator Gar

Fish Data : Siamese Tiger Fish



Other Information :

Scientific name: Datnioides microlepis.

Common name: Siamese tiger fish, Siamese tiger datnoide, Finescale tigerfish.

Distribution: South east Asia, Borneo, Sumatra, Thailand, Cambodia. Freshwater \ Brackish.

Temperature: 22-26C \ 71-78F

Size: 30cm \ 12in, Can grow larger. Up to 60cm \ 24in in the wild.

 Origin

    Siamese tiger datnoid's are to be found on the Southeast mainland of Asia and Western Borneo.

In the wild
 
    The Siamese Tiger originates from the Chao Phraya river basin in the center of Thailand. Unfortunately the fish is completely extinct in the wild. The last know sighting was over 5 years ago. The fish has been over fished for the aquarium trade and more extensively for the dinner plate. In it's last years big Pulchers were fetching about 1000 Dollars U.S and being sold to rich customers in restaurants. The Department of Fisheries in Thailand(DOF) has a captive breeding program, however success is limited as of yet


Descriptions 

       The Gold Datnoid, also known as the Siamese Tigerfish, is a striking fish with bold, dark stripes. The vertical stripes and broad, leaf-like body shape give this fish a commanding presence. As a predatory fish, This fish will quarrel and spar with each other and will eat any fish that can be swallowed, but Tiger Fish do not bother other species of fish that are too big to swallow. Tiger Fish grow fast to large sizes and eventually require very large aquariums.



 
      Siamese Tiger Fish are also called Black Barred Tiger Fish, Yellow Dats, Gold Dats, and Datnoids. For many years the word Datnoid has been commonly used to describe this fish. As far as we know, this is incorrect, and Datnoid is probably just a very common misspelling of Datnioides, which is the correct way to spell the name of the genus of this fish.

     Gold Datnoids feel most comfortable in aquarium setups with rocks, driftwood, and hardy plants for them to hide among and use as cover. They also require clean, well-filtered aquariums with ample room to accommodate their size. Though non-aggressive towards other species, the Gold Datnoid may demonstrate aggression towards members of its own species. Best kept with similar size fish to reduce the possibility of predation by this active piscivore (fish eater). They are relatively slow-growing fish but can live up to 10 years when properly cared for in the home aquarium.

Appropriate Home
     An aquarium with at least 50 gallons of water, and eventually a much larger aquarium with an exterior power filter with a BIO-Wheel, a maximum of 1/4 inch of gravel, and an aquarium heater adjusted to keep the water between 78 and 82 degrees F. Tiger fish do fine with or without aquarium salt in their water..

 Feeding

     This fish are carnivores. They are a predator and their main diet consists of smaller fish although they can sometimes be coaxed into eating shrimp, worms or insects. One look at their large mouth will tell you that small tank mates will disappear quickly. They are not aggressive towards other species but will attempt to eat any fish that will fit into their mouth.

      They will require a large aquarium. A 60 gallon tank would house small to medium fish but if you plan on growing this fish to adult size, an aquarium in excess of 100 gallons will eventually be needed. It is suggested that they be provided with places for retreat such as rocks and caves, or driftwood. Floating plants can offer a sense of seclusion and also help to provide subdued lighting. Considering this as a brackish water species is a common mistake. There are species of Datniodes that live in brackish water but the Gold Datnoid is not one of them.

Compatibility 


     Tiger Fish are best kept with other fish that are too large to be swallowed. Tiger Fish will quarrel with each other, so they are best kept one Tiger to an aquarium, unless the aquarium is very large. Tiger Fish are often seen in the same aquarium with large Oscars, large Pacus, large Tinfoil Barbs, Large Bala Sharks, and large Clown Knife Fish. Tiger Fish can also be kept with catfish that are too large and spiny to be eaten.

Water Region:

    Top, Middle, Bottom :  The Gold Datnoid will swim in all parts of the aquarium although when first purchased, yours will probably hide near the bottom until it gets accustomed to its new home.

Sexing

    There are no visible differences between the sexes.

Breeding

    This fish is laying eggs in the nature but now didn’t have any breeding information for this fish in aquariums.

Availability:  
 
    The Gold Datnoid is commonly available but may be relatively hard to find due to its high price. A special order may be required to get one


Credits : http://www.siamfishing.com/content/upload/10940568093.jpg


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